THERMODYNAMICS

The words Thermodynamics ‘Thermo’ means Heat and ‘Dynamics’ means study so that Thermodynamics is a branch  of physics that describes and correlates the physical properties of macroscopic systems of matter and energy. The principles of thermodynamics are of fundamental importance to all branches of science and engineering. A central concept of thermodynamics is that of the macroscopic system, defined as a geometrically isolable piece of matter in coexistence with an infinite, unperturbable environment. The state of a macroscopic system in equilibrium can be described in terms of such measurable properties as temperature, pressure, and volume, which are known as thermodynamic variables. Many other variables (such as density, specific heat, compressibility, and the coefficient of thermal expansion) can be identified and correlated, to produce a more complete description of an object and its relationship to its environment.


When a macroscopic system moves from one state of equilibrium to another, a thermodynamic process is said to take place. Some processes are reversible and others are irreversible. The laws of thermodynamics, discovered in the 19th century through painstaking experimentation, govern the nature of all thermodynamic processes and place limits on them. Mainly thermodynamic is classified into following types

Zeroth law of thermodynamics When two systems are in equilibrium, they share a certain property. This property can be measured and a definite numerical value ascribed to it. A consequence of this fact is the zeroth law of thermodynamics.

Frist law of Thermodynamics The first law of thermodynamics gives a precise definition of heat, another commonly used concept.

Seccond law of Thermodynamics The second law of thermodynamics gives a precise definition of a property called entropy.

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